Those military campaigns known uniformly in the military history of the Old West as “the Indian Wars” were a sad, violent chapter in American life.
Arguably the “whites” won and the “Indians” lost in all of those wars — but of course there were no winners or losers, simply those who were killed on both sides and those who survived on both sides. To say the Indian Wars represented the ultimate clash of opposing cultures, i.e., white Europeans and tribal Native Americans, would be to overly simplify the groups, civilizations, and individuals involved with westward expansion. In reality, there were ongoing battles among all the Indian tribes who were “here” before European settlement came, and never any unified Native American culture — just as there were very diverse European cultures and ethnic groups involved in the battles. Click on any of the article links below to read about the Indian Wars that ravaged the West during the 19th Century.